CAMPAIGN-2: Matching Community Resilience Stakeholders with Plans and Volunteers

Utilize Volunteers as Auxiliary Security and Force Multipliers

VOLUNTEER UTILIZATION SERIES

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CAPABILITY VIEWPOINT-6: ON-SCENE AND PHYSICAL DEFENSE & PROTECTIVE MEASURES SECURITY, BORDER, COASTAL, PERIMETERS, NATURAL, CULTURAL, SUPPLY CHAIN INFRASTRUCTURE & TRANSPORTATION, INTERDICTION, DISRUPTION, DETECTION

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PURPOSE: This is part of a series of posts examining various ways volunteers such as CERT have been utilized in the past. The Volunteer Utilization Series posts were preliminarily categorized such that resilience stakeholders with select viewpoints may begin to consider how they could utilize volunteers like CERT as part of an expansion cadre per disaster-category, moving forward. This series is in support of the National Preparedness Goal “Whole Community” approach, and the identified Core Capability “Operational Coordination” which requires communities to establish and maintain a unified and coordinated operational structure and process that appropriately integrates all critical stakeholders and supports the execution of all other core capabilities.

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REFERENCED DHS/FEMA CORE CAPABILITIES ARE HERE:

http://www.fema.gov/core-capabilities

ALL CERT IN ACTION ARTICLES ARE HERE:

http://www.fema.gov/community-emergency-response-teams-cert-action

(direct links only work with the correct i.e. configuration)

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=>SUB-CATEGORY-1 PHYSICAL PROTECTIVE MEASURES (Includes: Reduce or mitigate risks, including actions targeted at threats, vulnerabilities, and/or consequences, by controlling movement and protecting borders, critical infrastructure, and the homeland.

a. Addressing Vulnerabilities: Everyone within their communities can secure their property, lock up their guns, chemicals, and equipment that may be stolen and used to commit a crime, (e.g. shooting).

+WEBSITE RESOURCE: (FEMA's Center for Domestic All Hazards Preparedness) https://cdp.dhs.gov/

+RISK ASSESSMENTS:

http://uscsrh.ideascale.com/a/dtd/EMERGENCY-OPERATIONS-RISK-ASSESSMENTS/64705-29117

+EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLANNING:

http://uscsrh.ideascale.com/a/dtd/EOP-PLANNING-FOR-VIOLENCE-AT-SCHOOLS-AND-PLACES-OF-WORSHIP/71406-29117

+TERRORIST ATTACK MITIGATION:

http://uscsrh.ideascale.com/a/dtd/PRIORITY-TERRORIST-ATTACK-MITIGATION-REFERENCE-MANUALS/103079-29117

b. Area Surveillance: These days, everyone can mount security cameras at their homes and businesses that will provide deterrence, enable us to observe our homes while away, and capture and record suspicious or criminal activity. Additionally, volunteer groups like CERT can form Neighborhood Watches and ensures suspicious activity is reported.

+DHS/FBI SUSPICIOUS BEHAVIOR AWARENESS POSTER:

http://www.dhs.gov/publication/supporting-local-communities-countering-violent-extremism

 

+FBI’s CRISIS COMMUNICATIONS QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE:

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/fbi-crisis-communications-trifold-reference-guide.pdf

 

+ NERT Neighborhood Emergency Response Team (NERT), these volunteers provide well-being checks, assisting with medical aid, assisting with Command Post functions, assisting Animal Care and Control in the handling of pets, securing resource locations, and delivering logistical supplies (see specifics here):

http://www.sf-fire.org/index.aspx?page=859

 

+OFFICIAL CITIZENSCORP WEBSITE:

http://www.usaonwatch.org/

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=>SUB-CATEGORY-2 ON-SCENE SECURITY AND PROTECTION (Includes: Ensuring a safe and secure environment through law enforcement and related security and protection operations for people and communities located within affected areas and also for all traditional and atypical response personnel engaged in lifesaving and life-sustaining operations. Volunteers like CERT can make a huge difference if they memorize sequences and protocols used to direct people in their vicinity to safety during incidents.

a. ACTIVE SHOOTER ALERT (workplace training)

An active shooter is an individual(s) actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area. It is every community’s responsibility to take reasonable and prudent precautions to protect against this type of violence, and these videos and resources exemplify various recommended courses of action in “Active Shooter” scenarios.

+DHS ACTIVE SHOOTER HOW TO RESPOND:

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/active-shooter-how-to-respond-508.pdf

 

+DHS ACTIVE SHOOTER PAMPHLET:

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/active-shooter-pamphlet-508.pdf

 

+DHS ACTIVE SHOOTER POCKET CARD:

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/active_shooter_pocket_card_508.pdf

+DHS ACTIVE SHOOTER WEBPAGE:

http://www.dhs.gov/publication/active-shooter-educational-materials

+CONGRESSIONAL HOUSE BILL:

http://www.leg.state.co.us/CLICS/CLICS2015A/commsumm.nsf/b4a3962433b52fa787256e5f00670a71/3cafc2194c57b64187257e260069bab1/$FILE/15HouseState0413AttachC.pdf

+IDEAS TO MITIGATE SCHOOL & WORKPLACE (GUN) VIOLENCE SCENARIOS

http://uscsrh.ideascale.com/a/dtd/IDEAS-TO-MITIGATE-SCHOOL-WORKPLACE-GUN-VIOLENCE-SCENARIOS/62728-29117

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+BASIC VIDEO: Run, Hide Fight: Surviving an Active Shooter Event

This six minute video was prepared by the City of Houston and provides guidance on how to respond should an active shooter situation occur. The video is presented in a frank and realistic manner with a singular focus: preparedness. While the scripted violence is simulated and mildly graphic, the message is real and should resonate with everyone.

YouTube video is here (youtube.com/watch?v=5VcSwejU2D0)

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+DHS/FEMA ADVANCED VIDEO: Active Shooter: What You Can Do

More in-depth training which includes an educative video and testing module, is here:

http://emilms.fema.gov/IS907/index.htm

Associated 45 minute training module is here:

https://emilms.fema.gov/IS907/AS0101000.htm

b. Public Safety:

+VIPS WEBSITE:

http://www.policevolunteers.org/

+TRAINING RESOURCE: (CERT Traffic and Crowd Management)

https://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=6358

+CERT IN ACTION: New Britain, Conn. CERT Responds to Fire and Storm Incidents (CERT vehicles to provide traffic control, tape off hazardous areas with warning tape, and provide emergency lighting to city workers

https://www.fema.gov/community-emergency-response-teams-cert-action#newbritain2

c. Controlling Looting after a Disaster: Utilize volunteers like VIPS, NERT, and CERT to report Looters & Gangs after Disaster (Also, see NERT link above)

+FBI VICTIM ASSISTANCE:

http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/victim_assistance

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=>SUB-CATEGORY-3: SUPPLY CHAIN INTEGRITY AND SECURITY (Includes all methods available to strengthen the security and resilience of the supply chain). Everyone, can help to ensure the security of our supply chain (including all of the 2 million farmers in the U.S.)

USDA ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/downloads/animal_diseases/ai/hpai-preparedness-and-response-plan-2015.pdf

+SAE STANDARD: ARP9134 Supply Chain Risk Management Guidelines:

http://standards.sae.org/arp9134/

+FDA Drug Supply Chain Security:

http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/DrugIntegrityandSupplyChainSecurity/default.htm

+ACT (Drug Quality and Security Act):

http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/DrugIntegrityandSupplyChainSecurity/DrugSupplyChainSecurityAct/

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=>SUB-CATEGORY-4 INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS (Including: Stabilize critical infrastructure functions, minimize health and safety threats, and efficiently restore and revitalize systems and services to support a viable, resilient community).

a. Infragard: A Non-Profit organization serving as a Public-Private Partnership between U.S. businesses, academics, State and Local Law Enforcement, and the U.S. Government to prevent hostile acts against the United States, with a focal point on development, management and protection of Critical Infrastructure. They also have an (EMP SIG) electromagnetic special interest group.

+WEBSITE RESOURCE:

https://www.infragard.org/

+CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE & INCIDENT RESPONSE: http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/is860a/CIRC/CIKR_IncidentResponse.htm

b. NETguard: National Emergency Technology Guard

+TRAINING:

http://www.training.fema.gov/is/courseoverview.aspx?code=IS-720

c. Terrorism Liaison Officers (TLO): Police officers, paramedics, firefighters, utility workers, and railroad employees had been trained to report suspicious information which could be signs of terrorist activity.

+OFFICIAL WEBSITE:

http://TLO.org

d. Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting Initiative:

+OFFICIAL WEBSITE:

https://nsi.ncirc.gov/default.aspx

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=>SUB-CATEGORY-5 CRITICAL TRANSPORTATION (Including: infrastructure access and accessible transportation services) for response priority objectives, including the evacuation of people and animals, and the delivery of vital response personnel, equipment, and services into the affected areas.

+CERT IN ACTION: Example Mass Transit scenario below depicting the (Inauguration response requiring expanded crowd control) Montgomery County, MD CERT Inauguration Response

https://www.fema.gov/community-emergency-response-teams-cert-action#moco

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=>SUB-CATEGORY-6 PROTECT NATURAL & CULTURAL RESOURCES (Including: Protection of natural and cultural resources and historic properties through appropriate planning, mitigation, response, and recovery actions to preserve, conserve, rehabilitate, and restore them consistent with post-disaster community priorities and best practices and in compliance with appropriate environmental and historical preservation laws and executive orders). Open Source Government-private sector alliance

+EXECUTIVE ORDER 13603 (National Defense Resources Preparedness) http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/eo/eo-13603.pdf

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=>SUB-CATEGORY-7 INTERDICTION AND DISRUPTION (Including: Delay, divert, intercept, halt, apprehend, or secure threats and/or hazards.

FBI’s Countering Violent Extremism Quick Reference Guide:

http://www.dhs.gov/publication/supporting-local-communities-countering-violent-extremism

+WEBSITE HOMELAND SECURITY WATCH:

http://www.hlswatch.com/

+ALERT (Auxiliary Law Enforcement Response Team):

The goal of the program is to locate, train, and coordinate volunteers to safely perform essential tasks after a major disaster. Such tasks might include: traffic control, foot patrol of business and residential areas, reporting criminal activity, looting and property damage observation, supplying information to the incident Command Post, working in partnership with. In addition, ALERT members will direct individuals to mass casualty and shelter locations, assist at reunification centers, provide support at schools for reunification, and participate in Operation Return.

YouTube video is here (youtube.com/watch?v=_1E9QKaJS1E)

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OTHER REFERENCES:

National Strategy on Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent Extremism:

https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/empowering_local_partners.pdf

 

Strategic Implementation Plan (SIP) for Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent Extremism:

https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/sip-final.pdf

 

Countering Violent Extremism Toolkit:

http://www.dhs.gov/publication/cve-tool-kit

 

DHS Active Shooter Educational Materials:

http://www.dhs.gov/publication/active-shooter-educational-materials

 

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/active-shooter-pamphlet-508.pdf

 

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/active_shooter_pocket_card_508.pdf

 

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/active-shooter-how-to-respond-508.pdf

 

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/fact-sheet-emergency-planning_0.pdf

 

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Developing_EOPs_for_Houses_of_Worship_FINAL.PDF

 

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/REMS%20K-12%20Guide%20508_0.pdf

 

http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/REMS%20IHE%20Guide_508.pdf

U.S. Secret Service (USSS) Active Shooter Related Research

Threat Assessment: An Approach to Prevent Targeted Violence:

http://www.secretservice.gov/ntac/ntac_threat.pdf

 

Threat Assessment: Defining an Approach for Evaluating Risk of Targeted Violence:

http://www.secretservice.gov/ntac/ntac_bsl99.pdf

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