BACK-TO-BASICS SERIES - OVERVIEW-1: BASIC EMERGENCY PLANS AND RESOURCES FOR FAMILIES AND VOLUNTEERS
PURPOSE: Families and volunteers may begin enhancing their own preparedness and safety at home by browsing and acquiring items from the example websites below. Volunteers must prepare themselves and their families for emergencies first BEFORE they begin to volunteer to support the community. This is part of a series of posts examining basic principles of community preparedness. This series is in support of the National Preparedness Goal, and the National Readiness Campaign.
FAMILY EMERGENCY PLAN TEMPLATE:
FEMA EMERGENCY SUPPLIES CHECKLIST:
BUY OR BUILD EMERGENCY KITS
First Aid Supplies
Walmart Emergency Kits (Bug-out bags)
Walmart Roadside Emergency Kits
Emergency Food Supplies
Emergency Supplies and Kits
BASIC EMERGENCY TRAINING MATERIALS:
FEMA Interactive CERT Training
Training Materials Download
CERT Search & Rescue Tutorial
BASIC EMERGENCY EDUCATIONAL AND SUPPORT MATERIALS:
Official Ready Website: http://www.ready.gov/
(Be informed, make a plan, build a kit, get involved)
Simple Triage & Rapid Treatment
CERT Pocket Reminder Card
DHS Center for Domestic Preparedness (All Hazards)
HOME PREPAREDNESS BASIC REQUIREMENTS:
1. Does your family know what to do before, during, and after the most common emergency situations including administering First Aid or CPR?
2. Do you have access to an operational flashlight in every occupied bedroom, and know what to do if the power goes out? (using candles is not recommended unless you are sure there are no gas leaks)
3. Do you have duplicate keys and copies of important documents, emergency contacts, insurance and other papers stored outside your home?
4. Do you have working smoke alarms in the proper places to warn you of fire?
5. Do you have a fire extinguisher in case of a minor fire, and know how to use it?
6. Has your family rehearsed fire escape routes from your home?
7. Do you have a functional emergency radio to receive emergency information?
8. Do you keep shoes near your bed to protect your feet against broken glass?
9. Have you identified a place to seek shelter in the event of common hazards or disasters?
10. If a water line was ruptured, do you know how to shut off the main water line to your house? If this water valve can not be turned off by hand do you have a tool if one is needed?
11. If you smell gas, do you know where the main gas shut-off valve to your house is located, and how to shut off this valve? Is a tool required to do it?
12. Are you able to safely restart your furnace when gas is safely available? Or, without electricity and gas do you have a way to heat at least part of your house?
13. Do you have food to last you 3 days?
14. Do you have the means to cook food without gas and electricity?
15. Do you have a 3 day supply of water for drinking, cooking, and sanitary needs?
16. Do you have a first aid kit in your home and in each car?
17. Do you have breakable items secured in cupboards and in such a way that they will not fall on your family? Do you have work gloves, contractor trash bags and some tools for minor clean up?
18. Do you have emergency cash on hand? (During emergencies banks and ATMs are closed)
19. Are your medications in one area to conveniently grab them in an emergency? Do you have a month’s supply on hand?
20. If you need medications, do you have a month’s supply on hand?
EVACUATION BASIC QUESTIONS:
1. If your family had to evacuate your home, have you created a 72 hour evacuation kit, and would you be able to carry or transport these kits?
2. Do you have emergency fuel?
3. Do you have a credit card available to book a hotel and cash in case credit card machines are not working?
4. Have you established an out-of-state contact?
5. Have you identified a meeting place or secondary shelter and communicated this information to your family? Do you have a map and phone numbers for your emergency destination?
6. Do you have car chargers for your phones, and the ability to locate you family if the cell phone towers are down?
7. What additional items are the most critical to take with you.
8. Pets and livestock: With 2 million farmers in the U.S., how will you manage your livestock and pets during an emergency? It there a place you can relocate your livestock to? Does the shelter or meeting place allow pets?
WHAT WOULD YOU ADD TO THIS BASIC LIST?